What to Feed Dwarf Gourami?

Dwarf Gourami are one of the most popular tropical fish in the aquarium hobby. They are hardy, easy to care for, and come in a variety of colors.

But what do you feed them? In this post, we will discuss the best food options for Dwarf Gourami. We will also cover some common feeding mistakes that can be harmful to your fish. So read on to learn more!

What are Dwarf Gourami?

Dwarf Gourami (Colisa lalia) is a freshwater member of the cichlid family. It is native to South Asia, including Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.

There are around nine subspecies of Dwarf Gourami . The most common species in aquarium trade is Colisa lalia (also known as the Pearl Gourami).

Adult Dwarf Gourami can reach up to three inches in length.

They share similar traits with other gourami fish, such as a labyrinth organ and a unique protective spine beneath their eye.

Despite its popularity, there is still a lot of misinformation about Dwarf Gourami. For example, many people believe that all varieties of Dwarf Gourami are brightly colored with red, yellow, and blue shades.

In truth, only the Pearl Gourami is bright in color. Other subspecies are more neutral or even dull in color.

What to Feed Dwarf Gourami?

Since Dwarf Gourami are omnivores, they will eat both fish and live prey.

Here are the best food options for Dwarf Gourami:

Live prey:

Like other gouramis, Dwarf Gourami are hunters. They will eat any small aquatic insects or invertebrates available in the tank. In nature, their diet consists of small crustaceans and insects such as water fleas, mosquito larvae, and brine shrimp.

If you are feeding live prey, make sure the insects are small enough for your fish to eat. Even after they are consumed, the exoskeleton (or shell) should be leftover.

Live prey is ideal because it contains all the nutrients your fish needs for healthy growth.

Dwarf Gourami can eat all types of live prey including blackworms, bloodworms, and brine shrimp. A popular choice is to feed them Daphnia, which is small freshwater crustaceans.

Commercial Fish Food:

Dwarf Gourami are omnivores, so they can thrive on both plant and animal-derived ingredients.

To create a balanced diet, you can offer them a commercial flake or pellet food specifically formulated for omnivorous fish.

Many of these products are available at your local pet store or Walmart. You can also find them on Amazon with a few clicks.

Here is a list of good commercial foods for Dwarf Gourami:

SaleBestseller No. 1
Tetra Goldfish Flakes, Nutritionally Balanced Diet For...
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TetraMin Nutritionally Balanced Tropical Flake Food for...
  • TROPICAL FORMULATION: Highly digestible ingredients for use as staple food for your top- and...
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Aqueon Shrimp Pellets Sinking Food for Tropical Fish,...
  • Ideal for bottom dwelling fish
  • Nutritious food ingredients that fish are naturally attracted to
  • Formulated so that fish utilize more of what they eat and create less waste
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Tetra TetraMin Plus Tropical Flakes 2.2 Ounces,...
  • TROPICAL FORMULATION: Highly digestible flake blend for use as staple food for all tropical fish.
  • PLUS SHRIMP: With natural shrimp for maximum flavor – a natural attractant for aquarium fish.
  • FOR ALL TROPICAL FISH: ProCare blend helps support your fish’s immune system for optimal health...
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Tetra Pro Fish Food, Tropical Color Crisps With Color...
  • TROPICAL FORMULATION: TetraPro Tropical Color Crisps provide advanced nutrition for the discerning...
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Tetra TetraMin Tropical Granules 3.52 Ounces, Nutritionally...
  • TROPICAL FORMULATION: Highly digestible ingredients for use as staple food for your mid-feeding...
  • SLOW-SINKING GRANULES: Daily diet for small, juvenile or shy fish – great for bettas, too.
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SaleBestseller No. 7
Aqueon Tropical Fish Food Flakes, 7.12 Ounces
  • Natural ingredients and colors with added vitamins, minerals and trace nutrients
  • Nutritious food ingredients that fish are naturally attracted to
  • Formulated so that fish utilize more of what they eat and create less waste
SaleBestseller No. 8
Tetra PRO PlecoWafers 5.29 Ounces, Nutritionally Balanced...
  • PLECO FORMULATION: Supports the nutritional needs of herbivore bottom-feeders such as Plecostomus.
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  • ALL-VEGETABLE SUPPLEMENT: Easily digested vegetarian fish food that’s naturally high in fiber.
Bestseller No. 9
etra® BloodWorms 0.25 Oz, Freeze-Dried Food for Freshwater...
  • AQUARIUM DIET SUPPLEMENT: Freeze-dried bloodworms are a nutritious supplement to boost energy and...
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  • SPECIALLY PROCESSED: Minimizes any undesirable organisms found in live bloodworms.
SaleBestseller No. 10
TetraColor Tropical Flakes, Color Boosting Fish Food,...
  • TROPICAL FORMULATION: Tetra Tropical Color Flakes were created with the fishkeeper’s success in...
  • COLOR ENHANCING: Formulated to boost your fish’s naturally brilliant colors.
  • DESIGNED FOR: Perfect for top- and mid-feeding fish.

TetraColor PLUS Tropical Flakes with Color Enhancing

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TetraColor PLUS Tropical Flakes with Color Enhancing 2.2...
  • TROPICAL FORMULATION: Highly digestible flake formula for use as staple food for all tropical fish.
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  • HIGH-PROTEIN FORMULA: Specialized fish meal makes this Tetra brand’s most digestible flake food...

In general, you can feed Dwarf Gourami as much as they can eat within five minutes twice a day. Sprinkling food on the water surface is a good way to get their attention.

However, you should never overfeed your fish or release excess food into the water because that can pollute your tank.

Dwarf Gourami Feeding Mistakes to Avoid!

There are a few common mistakes that are easy to avoid.

Feeding too much protein-rich food :

Dwarf Gourami are omnivores, but eating too much protein can reduce their lifespan.

Make sure you offer them a varied diet of both plant and animal-based ingredients, including live prey.

Feeding them color-enhancing flakes too often :

Artificial colors reduce the nutritional value of your fish food.  

Some aquarists argue that dyes may be harmful to your fish in the long run.

So instead of buying those flashy flakes, use a natural pellet or flake food instead.

Using tap water :

Tap water contains chlorine and chloramines used to kill bacteria in the pipes.

Chlorine can irritate your fish’s skin and fins, whereas chloramines are toxic to gourami fish.

Using filtered water or spring water is much safer for your fish.

Aquarium Salt can also help if you are using tap water.

Feeding them flakes from Tetra and Top Fin brands:

Tetra and Top Fin are popular for their “color-enhancing” products.

However, some fish experts believe that dyes in their food can be harmful to your fish’s health.

It is true that brightly colored fish are often less healthy than darker ones.

Final Thoughts

Dwarf Gourami is a beautiful fish that’s relatively easy to keep.

If you care for them properly, they will reward you with long life and countless hours of enjoyment.

Feeding them the right diet is the key to their health.

Follow the tips outlined in this article, and you will have healthy Dwarf Gourami for many years to come!